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Period: Pre-history Around 1900 BC the so called Beaker people arrived - named after their distinctive pottery.
They called the Island Wiht (weight) meaning raised or what rises over the sea.
Suetonius, Vespasian's biographer, refers to the Island as Vectem or Vecta.
These can now be found in the cliffs and on the beaches around the Island's coast.
The Longstone is a giant upright stone but has a smaller stone lying at its base.
It has been suggested that the positioning focuses the light of the rising sun into the burial chamber where the spirits of the dead might be awakened by the sun's rays.
Julius Caesar invaded Britain in 55 and 55 BC as part of his Gallic Wars.
Period: Roman The Isle of Wight was part of the Romans conquest of Britain in AD 43 under the Emperor Claudius.