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Physical injury is the most visible form of domestic violence.The scope of physical domestic/intimate partner violence includes slapping, pushing, kicking, biting, hitting, throwing objects, strangling, beating, threatening with any form of weapon, or using a weapon.The shame may range from refusing to enter an arranged marriage, having sex outside marriage, being in a relationship that is disapproved by the family, starting a divorce proceeding, or engaging in homosexual relations.In 2010, the Supreme Court of India issued notice seeking data and explanation for rise in honor killings to the states of Punjab, Haryana, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Jharkhand, Himachal Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh.Gifts given without a precondition are not considered dowry, and are legal.Asking or giving of dowry can be punished by an imprisonment of up to six months, or a fine.Physical injuries as a result of domestic violence against women are more obvious than psychological ones, and can be more easily discerned by health professionals as well as courts of law in the context of legal prosecution.Emotional abuse has been gaining more and more recognition in recent years as an incredibly common form of domestic violence (and therefore a human rights abuse) within the private home throughout developing nations such as India.
According to a study by the National Centre for Biotechnology Information, suicide attempts in India are correlated with physical and psychological intimate partner violence.
It replaced several pieces of anti-dowry legislation that had been enacted by various Indian states.
Murder and suicide under compulsion are addressed by India's criminal penal code.
Domestic violence is currently defined in India by the Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act of 2005.
According to Section 3 of the Act, “any act, omission or commission or conduct of the respondent shall constitute domestic violence in case it: The National Family Health Survey of India in 2006 estimated the lifetime prevalence of sexual violence among women aged 15–49, including instances of marital rape in India.